Bosnia and Herzegovina History


Called Illyricum in ancient times, the area now called Bosnia and Herzegovina. The history of Bosnia and Herzegovina says that this area was conquered by the Romans in the second and first centuries BC and were annexed as the Roman province of Dalmatia. The history of Bosnia and Herzegovina is very interesting as in IV and V centuries BC that the Goths invaded the Roman Empire and that drove down the Empire and occupied the area until the sixth century, when the Byzantine Empire claimed it as yours. The history of Bosnia and Herzegovina is amazing because the Slavs also began to conquer the region of Bosnia and Herzegovina during the seventh century. Around 1200, Bosnia gained independence from Hungary and ran as an independent state for about 260 years Christian according to the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Continuing the story of the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina we can also say that the extension of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans brought other cultural, political, and religious. When talking about the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina is important to mention that the Turks defeated the Serbs in the famous battle of Kosovo in 1389. The Turks conquered Bosnia in 1463. For about 450 years Bosnia and Herzegovina was made under the Ottoman government and many Christians became Muslim Slavs (remarkable fact in the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina). Islamic elite in the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina gradually developed and ruled the country with much of the paramount chiefs which were citizens of Turkey. As the borders of the Ottoman Empire began to shrink in the nineteenth century, Muslims from elsewhere in the Balkans emigrated to Bosnia. Bosnia also developed a very significant Jewish population, with many Jews settled in Sarajevo after their expulsion from Spain in 1492. However, the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina does not stop surprising us because by the nineteenth century the term commonly included Bosnian residents of many religion in the world. A relatively secular society and intermarriage between religious groups was not uncommon to find in the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Being a neighbor of Serbia and Montenegro Bosnia and Herzegovina fought against the Ottoman Empire in 1876 and helped the Russians, Slavs friends. At the Congress of Berlin in 1878, after the end of the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878), gave the Austria-Hungary a mandate to occupy and govern Bosnia and Herzegovina, in an effort to assure Europe that Russia does not dominate the Balkans. Although the provinces were still officially part of the Ottoman Empire, they were annexed to Austria-Hungary on 7 October 1908.Consequently, relations with Serbia, which had claims on Bosnia and Herzegovina, were rejected and did not recur in the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The hostility between the two countries culminated in the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, by a Serbian nationalist. This event in the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina precipitated the beginning of the First World War (1914-1918). Bosnia and Herzegovina were annexed to Serbia as part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes on 26 October 1918. The name was later changed to Yugoslavia in 1929, a key date in the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

When Germany invaded Yugoslavia in 1941, Bosnia and Herzegovina was cast in the part of Croatia controlled by the Nazis.During the German and Italian occupation, the Bosnian and Herzegoviniana resistance fighters fought a fierce and a guerrilla war against Ustachi were Croatian Fascists troops what is objectively considered today as an unfortunate and horrible history in the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina. At the end of World War II, Bosnia and Herzegovina was gathered in celibacy as one of six newly reestablished Communist Republic of Yugoslavia under Marshall Tito. His authoritarian control remained in the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s ethnic enmity patch their nation in check. Tito died in 1980, and the growth of economic discontent and fall of the Iron Curtain during the next decade, Yugoslavia began to splinter.

Finally we can say about the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina that in December 1991, Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence from Yugoslavia and called for recognition by the European Union. In a March 1992 referendum, Bosnian voters chose independence, and President Alija Izetbegovic declared an independent nation. This is considered as one of the most important events in the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Unlike other former Yugoslav states, which usually consisted of a dominant ethnic group, ethnic Bosnia was a tangle of Muslims (44%), Serbs (31%) and Croats (17%), and this mixture contributed the duration and savagery of their struggle for independence.

Keywords: History of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Historical facts of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Kings and rulers of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Wars in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Companies of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Historians of Bosnia and Herzegovina.Enemies of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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